In 2015, I took advantage of the PRS Youth Scheme, invested RM1000, and received RM500 from the government. The scheme have since expired, but I’d still recommend PRS just for the up to RM3k annual tax rebate. Let’s put all the stuff I researched about PRS into a compilation. Hope this helps someone out there!
Note: To the best of my ability, I checked and double checked all sources. However, if I made a mistake, please let me know!
What is PRS?
Think of it like optional EPF. If you are a working adult, you know that 11% of your salary is deducted for EPF right? The money goes into a ‘tabung’ managed by KWSP, who will invest it on your behalf. So the money you contribute to PRS goes into a ‘tabung’ managed by a provider of your choice, who will invest it on your behalf.
It’s like EPF? So my employer also contribute? Must give every month?
No. This is 100% your contribution. Enough la, your employer already give you 13% contribution already (12% if you make more than RM5000 a month).
As for contributing every month to PRS, you can, but you don’t have to. I contributed RM1000 in 2015 to get the incentive and haven’t contributed since. I should continue :p
Addition from reader Nadjwa: Employer can also contribute to PRS. And they too can get tax incentive. However both parties (employee & employer) are free to choose the amount and contribution frequency. No need to contribute with a fix amount every month. Employee also can auto deduct from salary as low as RM50 for each contribution.
Can I ask my employer to switch contribution from EPF to PRS?
Cannot. EPF is mandatory.
Then might as well make extra contribution to EPF right.
You can, but if you are between 20-30 years old, do you really want to miss RM1000 in free money?
How do I get the free RM1000? Via the PRS Youth Scheme. To encourage our generation to save for retirement, the Malaysian government will be giving 20-30 year olds an extra RM1000 when they contribute RM1000 towards their PRS. You can check your eligibility here.
Government got money meh? The budget for the PRS Youth Incentive was tabled and will run between 2014-2018. So yes, it was already allocated.
I get the RM10oo one time or every year? One time only.
Got conditions not to receive the RM1000? Got. Nah. Basically, Kenot be from employer, unless via salary deduction. Kenot transfer from another provider, but switching funds is okay. Read more here. If you don’t have contribution yet, this is not relevant for you. Contributions made between 2 Jan 2014 and 31 Dec 2018 only. Must give RM1000, either oneshot or accumulated over one calendar year. Meaning, if you give RM900 on 31 Dec, then give RM100 on 1 Jan, still not eligible. Must put at least RM1000 in ONE fund. If you have 2 funds and contribute RM500 each, still not eligible. The link has more info, you guys read properly okay. PRS also made a FAQ here.
How will the government give me the RM1000? They deposit straight into your PRS account, the one you created from the provider. Mine looks like this (I did mine when it was still RM500):
Who/What are the providers?
These companies. Providers are banks/fund management companies that will invest your money on your behalf. They are made up of very clever people who know economics and trade policies and stuff and can make smart predictions on which economies are growing so they, and directly you, can gain from it.
Which provider are the best?/ Which funds should I choose?
You should choose a provider and a fund that best suit your investment personality and your risk profile.
But what does that mean?
That means – would you rather an agent take care of this for you or do it yourself? Some people feel more assurance if an agent explains everything to them, and all they have to do is to pick from the agent’s recommendation. The downside to that is higher fees in general, which will eat into your investment. Also, you have a much smaller selection. Of course the agent will promote their product, they’ll get commission. To know if they are legit, they must carry this card.
I took the DIY route – went with an online fund manager called Fund Supermart. They have reasonable management fee and no sales charge (some providers charge up to 3% – not a dealbreaker, but not for me). They even have their own page on PRS, here.
Note: I do not get paid to promote FundSupermart. I had an excellent experience, that’s why I’m recommending it. I also don’t know any other online fund managers aside from this one.
If you feel like opening a FundSupermart account, it would be cool to add me as your referee. I get tokens for reduced sales charges, but this is completely optional on your end. Just add my name and ref no when you get to the registration part – Suraya binti Zainudin and M0019989 respectively
I want an agent.
Then I suggest you contact institutional PRS advisors or corporate PRS advisors. They are companies like AIA, CIMB, Kenanga etc and will be happy to hear from you. Like getting insurance or applying for loans, get feedback from at least 3 agents. Pick the one you can get along with and can trust.
What types of funds are available?
I would highly suggest you to visit this page to have a sense of how funds are named. Broadly speaking, it’s categorised into 3: Growth, Moderate, and Conservative. If it’s Syariah-compliant, it’s usually mentioned in the name as well.
Growth funds has the most risk but potentially offer high returns and Conservative funds has the least risk but potentially offer low returns. Moderate is somewhere in between.
For young people, we are advised to go for Growth funds. Simply because our focus is wealth accumulation not wealth preservation. Conservative funds are preferred for people who want to maintain their wealth, at least to keep up with the rate of inflation.
Class C funds? Class D funds? What’s that?
It’s just a way to classify how funds are sold. You can read more about class types here. It’s not superbly important.
There’s SO MANY funds! How do I pick the best one?
Disclaimer: NOT AN EXPERT. Just sharing the process that I used. Get other people’s advice too.
Hint: you’ll never know which one is the ‘best’ one because you can’t predict the future.
Do you have a preference towards any of the providers? Some people base their decisions on that. They trust Company A so they pick what Company A offer. Some companies win investment awards – that is indicative (not guarantee) of good performance too.
Some people know and trust a particular fund manager, so they base their trust and money on that.
If you don’t use the above methods to choose, what you can do is use the information available to make educated guesses. To reduce the available choices, what worked for me is process of elimination. First I eliminated Conservative and Moderate funds, then I eliminated non-Syariah funds, then I eliminated funds with high fees. That left me with a handful of funds to pick from.
Then it’s a matter of reading each fund report and factsheet. One example of factsheet is here, you can see what your money will be invested in if you pick this fund (strictly example, not promo).
You might go through some more process of elimination. Some people might not want to invest in funds containing oil, since the price is crap right now and might go lower. Some people are never comfortable investing in some countries that don’t align with their values or whatever. Check everything in the factsheet and the longer reports.
You might also pick your funds based on the volatility level. Volatility just means not stable, not predictable. Growth funds tend to be volatile, so I’m not so strict with this. The thing is, even if a fund recorded consistent growth, ALL funds will say this phrase: “Past performance is not indicative of future results”.
This is why I say no one can predict the future. You never know what will happen. So again, make your educated guesses based on the information you have.
Also, Investopedia has a really good article on how to pick funds. Read it here.
But I’m still too young to think about retirement.
The younger you are, the better it is to start your retirement.
You know what you have on your side?
Time for the money to grow.
Like pokok like that.
Can I use EPF money to contribute to PRS?
Yes you can. But got T&C one.
As advised by a reader (see comments), you can’t. This section had been deleted. Thank you Mun Keong!
I’m already in debt. Should I prioritise paying off my debts or saving for this scheme?
Depends on the type of debt. If you have credit card debt, or any other debt that imposes high interest rates, pay them off first. You never want to cancel off your head start.
Here’s the fastest way to pay off debt.
What else should I know about PRS?
You can get up to RM3000 in tax relief if you participate in PRS! I add at least RM3000 to my PRS account every year to reduce taxes 😛
Any other questions not covered? Let me know in comments!